MOJO: Mobile Journalism

It’s no secret that journalism has changed drastically within the last 20 years. The expansion of technology has allowed for journalism to grow in ways no one could have ever imagined.

One of the new facts of journalism introduced by technology is MOJO, also known as Mobile Journalism. In this post, I’ll be answering a few questions about how to be a good mobile journalist, and where to get started.

Below is a video explaining the importance of MOJO, especially for news organizations:

There are important pros and cons to consider when looking at MOJO.

However, if you ask almost any journalist… they’ll say the pro’s outweigh the cons.

What does a mobile journalist look like?

My kitlist for @bbc5live’s trip to #southkorea #mojo

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It doesn’t take much to be a mobile journalist. With the right equipment, and proper journalism background/training, anyone can be a mobile journalist. Below are some good examples of mobile journalism:

So you want to be a mobile journalism? Below is a video explaining how to not only achieve this, but be good at it as well:

Here are some other tips on how to be a good mobile journalism. There are whole books written on this topic.

First time holding my 📚 book. #journalism #aejmc #mojo #mobilejournalism

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Where to get started? Some video editing apps which are easy to use include: LumaFusion, KineMaster, and iMovie.

The proper equipment you’ll need?

Mobile journalism allows for an even easier, more accessible way of communicating what is happening in the world. Get involved by following the helpful advice above!






Citizen Journalism

With the rise of social media sites, especially Twitter, practically anyone could be a journalist. I mean this is the way that now, anyone can spread information online, similar to the foundations of what a journalist does.

This is referred to as Citizen Journalism.

By its formal definition, citizen journalism is:

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From the protests in Baltimore to footage of the riots in Syria, citizen journalism has proven especially helpful to not necessarily replace journalists, but supplement them. Although there are some consequences of citizen journalism.

Before I go into the benefits or drawbacks of citizen journalism, I feel as though I should explain the controversy around the term.

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As someone studying journalism, I can understand the frustration behind someone with no formal studies or training calling themselves a journalist. However, some “citizen journalists” can be doing the act without even realizing. Below are a few examples.

The first video shows footage from a Black Lives Matter protest, the second video features footage of the Syrian protests, and the last two show a video and photo of the London Tube explosion back in 2017.

In cases such as these, citizen journalism is essential because it helps inform the world what is happening. Citizens who are there tweeting, recording, etc. allows for first-hand knowledge that may not be released or available yet to mainstream media organizations. Especially when people are hurt, especially in the case of the tsunami in which people needed help were able to receive it due to their social media aspect.

However, there are some drawbacks as well.

  1. There is no one to fact-check what is being posted.
  2. Social media usually only tells the user when the content was published, not first shot so there is no way of knowing whether the footage was edited.
  3. Because everyone shoots the footage from different angles, it sometimes creates confusion.

We saw this with the Boston Marathon Bombing.

Everyone was trying to figure out different suspects, and there was so many different options because of the different angles shot.

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This starts rumors, and creates more confusion rather than helping the situation.

Overall, citizen journalism is still in the process of being perfected however I believe it helps journalism overall rather than detriments it.




YouTube Star: Valentí Sanjuan

It takes a special type of person to bike from Madrid to Lisbon under 55 hours. It also takes a special type of person to participate in a 3-day triathlon event.

Valentí Sanjuan seems to be that special type of person.


This YouTuber completes seemingly impossible races and events, and records his story and the stories of the inspiring people he meets along the way. Below are some of his most viewed videos:

In just four years, Sanjuan has finished 5 ironmans in 5 days a day after finishing the Titan Desert, Marathon des Sables, Ultramans in Wales and Hawaii in the World Championship, 2 Titan Tropics, 2 Titan Deserts, Ultra Pirineu, 770km (~478 miles) nonstop from Madrid to Lisbon, and many others.

While Sanjuan has completed all these amazing, and seemingly impossible races, what he cares more about is the people he meets along the way.

“Pero esto que suena tan épico no son más que nombres y números en una estantería, pero no en el corazón. Si con algo me quedo es con las personas que conocí en todos estos desafíos.” -Valentí Sanjuan

This roughly translate to: “But what sounds so epic are just names and numbers on a shelf, but not in the heart. If I stay with something, it is with the people I met in all these challenges.”

Sanjuan has his logo which says: Menos cabeza, Más Corazon which translate to less head, more heart.

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In his videos, Sanjuan will interview and talk about the lives of the people he meets along the way who inspire him. Although he may be an inspiration to us, there are people who have to train harder due to physical limitations he does not have, that he finds to be even more inspiring.

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In addition to his daily vlogs, Sanjuan also creates longer length documentaries which document his trips.

Although you don’t have to get up right now and start training for a 3 day marathon, Sanjuan teaches us the valuable lesson that telling our stories and the stories of other people is what makes social media so useful.

No one would know of the inspiring stories of Sanjuan’s and the people he meets if it wasn’t for how widespread and accessible the internet has become. Tweets, Instagrams, YouTube, his website, all make it possible for us to not only follow his story but become inspired as well.

While Sanjuan pushes himself both physically and mentally, he serves as a reminder that as people we can do what we want as long as we want it enough, and stay inspired. Sanjuan has a pretty large following (200,00 followers  Facebook, 122k followers on his Twitter, 231k on his Instagram, and around 200k subscribers on his Youtube), which only exemplifies the idea that he is inspiring people on a day to day basis.

The Google Generation

While “The Google Generation” sounds like a title for a millennial horror film, it actually is quite literal and refers to the generation which grew up with the benefits of Google. With our smartphones, the entire world is (literally) at the tips of our fingers. Not a day goes by that I don’t Google something. Whether it be to find a new place to eat, or to translate a phrase I’m not sure how to say in Spanish, Google has made and continues to make my life easier each day.

Before I get into the ways in which having this extensive library is beneficial, it also doesn’t make the Google generation particularly smart.



There are too many Yahoo! Answers and Google searches to post, but the stupid questions don’t end there. People are even asking a platform as big as Twitter these dumb questions:




Although the Internet allows for, and can record the stupidity of other people, it has also been exponentially beneficial for people to get the answers they would have not known without the Internet. Even with the stupid questions, the Internet allows them to  be educated on what they don’t know (although everyone should know what a vowel is).

Tools like Google Scholar  has made it easy for people in academics to search credible and reliable sources. TED Talks are another example of how the Internet has made the spreading of information that much easier, and more importantly that much more accessible.

Google specifically, is such a large platform it has enabled itself to become intertwined with almost everyone’s everyday lives. Below is a visualof everything offered by Google:

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My initial thought was that it was quite ridiculous to put in every example of their products, but when you can see how long the list is it becomes real in the sense that some things people don’t normally associate with Google, still have to do with Google. For example, Waze is also a product of Google. Along with YouTube, which now includes YouTube TV, Youtube Kids, and YouTube Gaming.

This video shows users exactly what Google+ is, the advantages and disadvantages. The end however gives the almost creepy realization that Google has almost perfected every one of their products. From email, to it’s search engine, to RSS readers, we subconsciously allow Google to be our own norm. The video ends with, “You don’t need to choose Google+, sooner or later you’re going to end up using it.”

This monopoly type of Internet has its pros and cons. It definitely makes it easier for the consumer to have everything (calendar, email, maps) all connected and all in one place. However, it also it creepy when you think about how much information Google has about you. They know what you’re searching, when you’re searching it, and where you’re searching it from. They know what you’re discussing in your email, where you’re going with maps, and even what videos you’re watching with YouTube.

But at least we can now ask the internet what silly questions we have whenever we have them, right?

Spotify As a Social Network

As discussed in my previous post, a social network is any platform which allows one individual to connect with another individual, either on a short or long-term basis.

We know the most popular, and most successful social networks such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter; and we also know some of the arguably failed social networks such as MySpace and Diaspora*. However, it hasn’t occurred to me a social network myself and a few others use on a day to day basis(around 70 million paying subscribers), that I haven’t even considered a social network: Spotify.

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Spotify is a music, podcast, and video streaming service that was launched in 2008. The service is available in most of Europe, the Americas, Australia, New Zealand, and parts of Asia allowing people from all over the world to connect through music. In addition, it is available for most devices, including Windows, macOS, iOS, and Android smartphones and tablets[1].

Music can be searched by artist, album, genre, playlist or even record label. Users are enabled to creating, editing, and sharing playlists. While this sounds like a basic music platform, what makes spotify a social network is the sharing and social media aspect of the platform.


Not only does this platform allow its users, paying or not, to connect to new music from a variety of different genres and countries, it allows them to connect with their friends. Spotify encourages its user to merge their account with their Twitter and Facebook accounts. With this feature, users can access there friends music and playlists, and see what they’re listening to, and when.

The merging of the two social networks also allows users to share music with their Facebook friends with the inbox service of Spotify. Here they can send tracks, albums, or full playlists all through Spotify. Now individuals don’t have to send their friends texts or tweets about new music, it can all be done through Spotify.

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Spotify now made it even more convenient to connect not only with new and old music from all over the world, but with people all over the world too. Even if you aren’t Facebook friends with another Spotify user, you can still follow other users’ playlists. Now even music can be a social network, without even trying. Facebook friends can discover new music by seeing what you listen to, and vice versa. The more users who join Spotify, the more music that can be discovered, and the more people who can connect through music.

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In addition to allowing their users to merge their accounts with Facebook and Twitter, Spotify has a strong presence on these social networks as well.

They have 2.5 million followers on Twitter, and 20 million likes on Facebook. The service even has 1.8 million followers on Instagram.

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This type of widespread following allows this new type of social network to do exactly what all social networks intend to do: connect people who wouldn’t be able to connect before the invention of this service.




Social Networks

This week I will be talking about social networks, specifically the social network MySpace. While this platform is not nearly as popular as it was in 2006, I am interested in researching and discussing its history and reason for its decline.

Before I delve into MySpace, I will specify the definition of a social network, and how it functions in our society.

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary: Screen Shot 2018-02-11 at 10.08.26 PM

In short, a social network is any service or site which allows an individual to interact, on a long or short term basis, with another individual. The popular social networks we use today include Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube. While these social networks can be used for professional or personal reasons, there are social networks such as LinkedIn which allow its users to connect solely on a professional level. This shows the flexibility and variety of social networks we use on a day-to-day basis.

MySpace is an interesting social networking site because of its peak and decline. According to a CBS News article, MySpace was created in August 2003 by several eUniverse employees, an Internet marketing firm [1]. It was bought from the original founders, Brad Greenspan, Chris DeWolfe, Jos Berman and Tom Anderson, in 2005 by News Corporation for $580 million. In 2006, it was the number 1 website and by 2007, was valued at $12 billion.

It was highly known for bands’ pages customizable profiles, and soon enough it was a popular networking site to have and included features such as the Top 8, which would allow someone to rank their best friends openly on their page. According to an article on The Startup Bros, from 2005 until early 2008, MySpace was the most visited social networking site in the world. In it’s 2008 peak, it attracted 75.9 million unique visitors a month [2].

Below is an example of what an individual’s page looked like for MySpace.

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However, the peak of MySpace did not last long. Facebook was founded in 2004, and by 2008 took the title of the number 1 social network site on the Internet. MySpace reached its lowest point of membership in 2010 in which they lost half of their monthly visitors in just one year [2]. News Corporation made several attempts to save the networking site with several re-design attempts, however it could not outdo Facebook.

In June 2011, MySpace was jointly sold for $35 million to the advertising firm, Specific Media Group and pop-star Justin Timberlake.

MySpace is now regarded to either as a joke, or in regards to “simpler times.”

However, the website is trying to make a comeback. Rather than attempting to be similar to Facebook, they are rebranding their website focusing mainly on music, games and videos [2]. The site has been generating around 20 million visitors a month. While it is unlikely that the website will ever regain the same popularity it once had, it is nice to see they are offering a more niche online experience to users.

In terms of why MySpace failed, I think it got unlucky especially with the launch of Facebook. Had Facebook never been launched, it could be argued that MySpace would still be as popular as it was in 2006.




Practice Post


It apparently accuses the Department of Justice (DoJ) and the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) of abusing a programme known as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (Fisa) during the presidential election campaign.

The allegation is that the FBI spied on a member of Mr Trump’s campaign on the basis of unproven accusations against Mr Trump known as the “Russian dossier”.

That dossier was compiled by former UK intelligence agent Christopher Steele with money financed in part from Hillary Clinton’s campaign.

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Following his State of the Union speech on Tuesday night, Mr Trump was heard telling a Republican lawmaker he was “100%” for releasing the document.

It apparently accuses the Department of Justice (DoJ) and the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) of abusing a programme known as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (Fisa) during the presidential election campaign.

The allegation is that the FBI spied on a member of Mr Trump’s campaign on the basis of unproven accusations against Mr Trump known as the “Russian dossier”.

Trump officials say the memo proves his allegation that he has been treated unfairly by the FBI.

Devin Nunes, who served on the Trump team during his White House transition, described the FBI’s objections as “spurious”.

After firing FBI director James Comey last year, Mr Trump reportedly asked his temporary replacement, Andrew McCabe, how he had voted in the 2016 presidential election.

In December, Mr Trump reportedly challenged Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein, who appointed Mr Mueller, over his loyalties. He wanted to know whether Mr Rosenstein was “on my team”, CNN reports.

Mr Schiff suggested the White House would use the memo, if released, to fire Mr Mueller or Mr Rosenstein.

Concerns about its contents were raised by the FBI itself which complained of “material omissions of fact that fundamentally impact the memo’s accuracy”.

Democrats fear the document may be an attempt to discredit the inquiry into Trump campaign links to Russia, which is being led by Special Counsel Robert Mueller.